Spectrum Learning logo

Spectrum Learning


Asia’s First Neurofeedback Centre (Established 1995)


Home | About Us | Contact Us| Testimonials | Affiliates

Website Terms and Conditions | Privacy Policy | Site-map

© 1995 - 2018 Spectrum Learning Pte Ltd All Rights Reserved | Singapore

36 Purvis Street, #02-11, S(188613) SINGAPORE

>Tel: +65-68349476       Email: Jess@spectrumlearning.com.sg


Share on Facebook

Call or Email


to arrange for a free consultation

+65 68349476




What is Dyslexia or Reading Difficulties?

Dyslexia is also known as Reading Disorder. The symptoms of dyslexia are measured by reading achievement, i.e., reading accuracy, speed or comprehension as measured by standardized tests, that falls substantially below that expected, given the individual’s chronological age, measured intelligence, and age appropriate education (DSM-IV Dyslexia 1994).

The diagnostic criteria for Dyslexia, according to the DSM IV are as follows:

  1. Reading achievement, as measured by individually administered standardized tests of reading accuracy or comprehension, is substantially below that expected given the person's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education.
  2. The disturbance in Criterion A significantly interferes with academic achievement or activities of daily living that require reading skills.
  3. If a sensory deficit is present, the reading difficulties are in excess of those usually associated with it.

It is usually apparent by age 7 (P1), sometimes age 6 (K2) (DSM-III, 1987). Sometimes up to age 9 if a Developmental Reading Disorder is compensated for in school (DS-III-R, 1987).

Dyslexia symptoms can show up for a variety of reasons. Acquired Dyslexia is a disorder in reading that occurs in adults who once knew how to read well, usually due to clear damage to the nervous system (as in a stroke, for example) (Rosenhan, et. al.,1989).

Symptoms of Dyslexia:

Children and adults with dyslexia can be very intelligent and smart. However, they do not perform well in school. Symptoms of dyslexia includes the following:

  1. Unable to read materials that other children of the same age can.
  1. Difficulty remembering meaning and pronunciation of words that they have read/learned
  2. Poor in spelling as a result of (2)
  3. Poor in comprehension as a result of reading difficulty
  4. Some have symptoms of attention deficit or distractibility (ADHD comorbidity)
  5. Poor handwriting
  6. Poor essay writing
  7. Headaches and/or dizziness while reading
  8. Perform well when quizzed orally but not in written assessments
  9. Learns well visually and through experiential learning or hands on experience
  10. Take a long time to complete their homework or to learn new topics

Some are mildly dyslexic and may not be diagnosed as dyslexic. But their condition can be significant enough to affect their studies. This may result in them:

  1. Being labeled as lazy and not working hard
  1. Making what may seem like careless mistakes in writing
  1. Developing low self-esteem, resulting in having a bad attitude and behavioral problem
  2. Underachieving despite being intelligent

Diagnosis can be tricky if it is based on observed behavioral symptoms. Many conditions can cause symptoms of dyslexia. Through our QEEG brain mapping, we find that many children are misdiagnosed. They have other learning difficulties or are slow learners. For us, through the QEEG brain mapping, we associate dyslexia with those where the language areas in their brain are not active or shut down while on language tasks.

Regardless of whether they are called dyslexic or not, using QEEG, we can find out which brain areas are causing the reading or comprehension problems. With this information, we can design a specific training program to target the problematic areas. This leads to high success in intervention.

Test and Assessments Interventions

Different brain causes:

… we have discovered a variety of QEEG profiles that can lead to dyslexic symptom …

Find out what brain condition your child has!

Contact us now

Related Links:

Learning Difficulties

Dyslexia - Reading Disorder

Symptoms and Disgnosis

Symptoms & Diagnosis

Conventional Tests and Assessments

We provide :