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What is Aspergerís Syndrome?


Asperger Syndrome (AS) is a specific disorder in Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD). PDD refers to a group of disorders which includes the Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Rett Syndrome and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD).


Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a subgroup of disorders which includes autism disorder, Apsergerís Syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).


Symptoms of Aspergerís Syndrome


Asperger's syndrome usually becomes more obvious when children starts preschool and begins to interact with other children. Children with Asperger's syndrome may have the following symptoms:



Some symptoms of Aspergerís are similar to autism. However, a child with Asperger's syndrome typically has normal language and intellectual development. Some may even have highly developed language and specific intellectual abilities.


Diagnosis of Asperger Syndrome


The ASD group of disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. ASD can be associated with intellectual disability, difficulties in motor coordination and attention and physical health issues such as sleep and gastrointestinal disturbances. Some persons with ASD excel in visual skills, music, math and art.


The diagnostic criteria for Aspergerís Syndrome according to the DSM IV are:


  1. Qualitative impairment in social interaction, as manifested by at least two of the following:



  1. Restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities, as manifested by at least one of the following:



  1. The disturbance causes clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.


  1. There is no clinically significant general delay in language (e.g., single words used by age 2 years, communicative phrases used by age 3 years).


  1. There is no clinically significant delay in cognitive development or in the development of age-appropriate self-help skills, adaptive behavior (other than in social interaction), and curiosity about the environment in childhood.


  1. Criteria are not met for another specific Pervasive Developmental Disorder or Schizophrenia.


The Gillbergís Criteria for Aspergerís Syndrome is often used for the diagnosis of the condition. Gillberg's criteria differ from those given in the DSM-IV-TR. However, the Gillbergís criteria resembles more closely the description of Hans Asperger, who first observed this behavior. As such, most clinicians prefer to use the Gillbergís criteria. All of the six conditions must be met for a diagnosis:


  1. Severe impairment in reciprocal social interaction (at least two of the following)
  1. All-absorbing narrow interest (at least one of the following)
  1. Imposition of routines and interests (at least one of the following)
  1. Speech and language problems (at least three of the following)
  1. Non-verbal communication problems (at least one of the following)
  1. Motor clumsiness: poor performance on neurodevelopmental examination





Interventions>

Aspergerís Symptoms and Diagnosis

Finding the Causes


Most clinicians do not bother about the causes as diagnosis is based on behavioral symptoms Ö   


At Spectrum Learning, we have been investigating the possible causes Ö

Test and Assessments Interventions

PDD>

Will my child outgrow Aspergerís?


Unfortunately not if their condition is left untreated.


Therapy and training can help people with Autism to overcome the limitations imposed by the condition.


At Spectrum Learning, we have helped many Autistic children to overcome their limitations!


- Testimonials

Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD)


Aspergerís Syndrome (AS)


Symptoms and Diagnosis

Symptoms & Diagnosis

Related Links


  1. PDD
  2. Autism
  3. PDD-NOS
  4. Rett Syndrome
  5. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD)